African-Americans have an extremely long history that starts in Central, and West Africa, thousands of years ago. Most of the abducted African Citizens who were stolen during the Atlantic Slave Trade, came from these very regions, where numerous kingdoms, and great empires once reigned.. West African history, is African -American history.
One of earliest known civilizations in West Africa was the Nok , in what is now known as Nigeria. The highly advanced Nok Civilization/Culture goes so far back in antiquity, that it’s date of origin remains obscure. In 1,000 BCE, we find the Nok an already extremely highly advanced, and a very old civilization.
Tichitt Civilization( c. 1900-300 bc) was a civilization in present day Southeast Mauritainia that developed around c. 1900 bc. around the Tichitt and Walata area as far south as the Tagant and Nèma region. The inhabitants were pastoralist and agricultural. As the region became drier and dessicated the inhabitants move further south bringing about the end of the civilization by c. 300 bc. The Soninke is believed to have been the founders of the civilization and the Middle Niger Ghana Empire a continuation of the Tichitt Civilization in examination of settlement which were similiar to Soninke settlements, Soninke origination myth (the Dinga stories) , ceramic craft, and the remaining Soninke population in the Dhar Tichitt region. Dhar Tichitt represent earliest example of urbanizaion in the western sahel/Sudan.
Ghana Empire or Wagadu, the actual name, was founded by the Mande speaking Soninke. Ghana meaning “war chief” was what later Arab writer called Wagadu in the eighth century A.D. It’s beginning was around the fourth or fifth century, but possibly as a state during Roman North African times, supported by oral traditions and gold imports to Roman North Africa.
Mali Empire (1230-1550) was a powerful Mandinka (Mande, Mandingo) western Sudanic empire in the 13th century, that occupied territory as far east as the border of the Hausa Kingdoms and west as far as the Atlantic Ocean, north as far as Walata, and south as far as Bure. The empire declined in the 16th century due to internal dynastic disputes and rebellion from constituent states.
Songhai (Songhay) Empire
Songhai (Songhay) Empire was an empire that arose on the collapse of the Mali Empire, in the western Sudan. It restored the stability of the trans-Saharan trade. It was defeated by the Saadian Moroccan Kingdom and went into decline.
The Luba Empire
The Luba empire was one of the most-renowned African states. Archaeologists have shown that the area where the heart of the empire was situated, east of the Kasai River around the headwaters of the Lualaba River, was likely inhabited by the 5th century CE, with the beginnings of the empire emerging by the 14th century. In the 16th and 17th centuries, most of the Luba were ruled by a paramount chief (bulopwe or balopwe), although smaller independent chiefdoms already existed. The Luba empire was fragmented by Belgian colonization between 1880 and 1960, and the breakdown of the empire resulted in the development either of smaller chiefdoms or of small autonomous local lineage groups.
The Kingdom of Lunda (c. 1665–1887), was a pre-colonial African confederation of states in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo, north-eastern Angola and northwestern Zambia. Its central state was in Katanga
Kingdom of The Kongo
Kongo, former kingdom in west-central Africa, located south of the Congo River (present-day Angolaand Democratic Republic of the Congo). According to traditional accounts, the kingdom was founded by Lukeni lua Nimi about 1390. Originally, it was probably a loose federation of small polities, but, as the kingdom expanded, conquered territories were integrated as a royal patrimony. Soyo and Mbata were the two most powerful provinces of the original federation; other provinces included Nsundi, Mpangu, Mbamba, and Mpemba. The capital of the kingdom was Mbanza Kongo. The capital and its surrounding area were densely settled—more so than other towns in and near the kingdom. This allowed the manikongo (king of Kongo) to keep close at hand the manpower and supplies necessary to wield impressive power and centralize the state.
The Hausa Kingdom
The Hausa Kingdom, also known as Hausaland, was a collection of states started by the Hausa people, situated between the Niger Riverand Lake Chad (modern day northern Nigeria). Hausaland lay between the Western Sudanic kingdoms of Ancient Ghana and Mali and the Eastern Sudanic kingdoms of Kanem-Bornu. Hausaland took shape as a political and cultural region during the first millennium CE as a result of the westward expansion of Hausa peoples. They arrived to Hausaland when the terrain was converting from woodlands to savannah. They started cultivating grains, which led to a denser peasant population. They had a common language, laws, and customs. The Hausa were known for fishing, hunting, agriculture, salt-mining, and blacksmithing. By the 14th century Kano had become the most powerful city-state. Kano had become the base for the trans-Saharan trade in salt, cloth, leather, and grain. The Hausa oral history is reflected in the Bayajidda legend, which describes the adventures of the Baghdadi hero Bayajidda culmulating in the killing of the snake in the well of Dauraand the marriage with the local queen Magajiya Daurama. According to the legend, the hero had a child with the queen, Bawo, and another child with the queen’s maid-servant, Karbagar